This chapter illustrates how Liesel and Rudy, and even Arthur, understand what it means to be a moral thief. Their recognition of a moral versus an immoral thief serves in stark contrast to the new leader of the gang who comes later in the novel. It also reflects upon the way in which Liesel steals books from Frau Hermann’s library. Liesel understands that there is a right and a wrong way to go about stealing, as does Arthur. Their return to Frau Diller’s shop also represents their victory over her, a character who represents Hitler’s ideals.